Cost of Living Comparison: UK and Canada
Canada is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, with stunning scenery and amazing wildlife. The country has plenty to offer those looking to relocate, with its high quality of life and universal healthcare. However, such a lifestyle does come at a cost, and that’s why Canada is now one of the most expensive places to live in the world.
If you’re planning to emigrate to Canada or want to learn more about how Canadian living compares to that of the UK, we’re here to reveal everything. Read on to learn more about living costs in Canada, and get some useful hints and tips about what to bear in mind when planning a big move to the Great White North.
Where are Canada's most expensive and cheapest places to live?
Canada is the second-largest country in the world, so there’s enormous variation across the country regarding living costs. Canada’s most famous cities typically offer higher average wages (especially for skilled workers) and command higher living costs than more rural areas, so the average cost of living here will depend on what you’re looking for.
The most costly places to live in Canada are the major cities of Vancouver, British Columbia, where the average price per square metre for an apartment* is $13,576.66, or £8,752.02, and Toronto, Ontario, where an apartment costs $12,587.26, or £8,114.22 per square metre*. Other pricey locations include Victoria in British Columbia, Hamilton-Burlington in Ontario and Calgary in Alberta.
If you’re hoping to move to Canada but can’t quite stretch your budget to meet its most expensive cities, all is not lost. There are cities in many other areas of the country that are far more affordable, particularly in terms of house prices. Popular options include Saint John in New Brunswick, where house prices average $171,596, and another New Brunswick city, Greater Moncton, where you can expect to pay around $174,800 for a home.
Canada living costs - what you can expect to pay
Before you weigh up whether or not to make a move to Canada, you’ll need to consider both the effect of a move on your household bills and the income you can expect to receive once you’ve relocated. Take a look at some of the main living costs Canadian residents can expect to pay and how they vary across the country.
For most people, housing is the biggest expense to bear in mind when moving to another country. It’s therefore likely that this will be a deciding factor when you start thinking about where to settle.
The average monthly cost for housing in Canada varies significantly in different locations. If you’re planning to move to a big city, you will pay far more for housing than if you opt for a more rural town or village.
Here are the average monthly rental prices for five of the top cities in Canada (based on a one-bedroom city centre apartment):
- Toronto: $2,132.73
- Montreal: $1,382.21
- Vancouver: $2,299.52
- Calgary: $1,372.53
- Ottawa: $1,693.18
Household bills are another significant outgoing to take into account when calculating the cost of living. You may find that your household bills differ quite considerably after moving to Canada, so it’s worth doing the math before you start packing your bags.
Canadians pay similar bills to those in other countries. Therefore, heating, electricity, gas and water will need to be included in your equations. Canada has a long cold winter, so while the price of energy may not differ too much to the UK, heating costs will tend to be higher because of much lower average temperatures.
There is a bit of good news, though. In Canada, rentals usually include some utilities, so if you’re planning to rent rather than buy, you may not need to worry too much about how long you’ve got your heating on for.
If you take up residence in Canada permanently, you’ll be entitled to Medicare. This is Canada’s universal healthcare system, and it's available to all those who reside in the country full-time.
Medicare covers a full range of healthcare treatments. It also subsidises several other fields, such as check-ups at the opticians and any further investigations or procedures a patient might need in additon to general examinations.
If you’re moving to Canada in the short-term, you'll need to think about healthcare provision. Depending on how long you plan on staying, you may need to invest in private health insurance for the duration of your time there. In Canada, health insurance is quite expensive, so make sure you factor this in when budgeting for your move abroad.
Leisure and activities
There’s much more to life in Canada than work and bills. Canada offers incredible opportunities for exploration, with adventures waiting around every corner. Thankfully, leisure activities and hospitality in Canada are relatively inexpensive.
Restaurant prices in Canada are lower than you might expect. This is interesting given that most of the food consumed by the country is actually imported (except the maple syrup, of course!) and therefore more expensive than that of countries that grow and manufacture more of their food locally.
Entertainment, like live music and cinema, is also relatively inexpensive in Canada - even if you move to one of its most desirable cities.
What are the average salaries in Canada?
While the cost of living in Canada is on the whole higher than the UK, the national average salary of both countries is broadly similar.
In the UK, the average net monthly salary for a full-time employee is £2,277.12. Senior managerial and professional positions can reach salaries of £100,000 per year and beyond.
The average monthly net salary in Canada is $4,272.09, roughly £2,753.95. There is quite a distinction between entry-level positions and those that require more experience, with roles typically starting at around $37,000 per year and rising to over $100,000 for more skilled employees.
One thing to note is that there is a marked difference in average salaries across different regions in Canada and the UK. Those living in or near cities usually earn more in Canada than in the UK. One exception to this is London (UK), where salaries are much higher than the average for the country. In London, the average full-time monthly net salary is £2,935.48. In Canada, the difference isn’t usually quite as pronounced as in the UK.
Living in Canada vs the UK
The UK's cost of living is soaring, but how do these growing costs compare with those in Canada? For a detailed look at comparisons between the UK and Canada, see Canada vs the UK cost of living comparisons on Numbeo.
We’ve talked about how much it costs to buy a home in Canada’s most famous cities and where you can buy a far more affordable home in Canada. So, how do these prices compare with the cost of a home in the UK?
Annual data released in April 2022 shows that the average cost of a UK home currently stands at £281,161. This means that over the past year, house prices have risen by 12.4%.
House prices in the UK vary significantly depending on where you’re looking to buy, in a similar way to Canada. However, in the UK, regional fluctuations in pricing are more pronounced - particularly when you consider the enormous increase in house prices in London (the capital) vs the rest of the country.
In London, a city centre apartment will set you back £13,163.85 per square metre, whereas if you look at the average for the UK, a city centre apartment cost per square metre is much lower at £4,113.06.
Recent figures from Numbeo show that average utilities bills (including heating, cooling and water) in the UK average £173.87 ($269.72) per month. While in Canada, average utilities bills are $175.55 per month, which converts to approximately £113.
Canada offers its Medicare package to all permanent residents, making the cost of healthcare negligible.
The situation is broadly similar in the UK, as permanent residents are entitled to free healthcare under the National Health Service (NHS), paid for through National Insurance contributions, which are taken directly from their wages. So, if you’re moving from the UK to Canada or vice versa, you’ll be covered under the other country’s healthcare scheme, which means you won’t see any changes in healthcare costs or provision.
Some UK residents choose to take out private health insurance to secure a faster or more efficient service if they require any treatment. This is the same as in Canada, where private treatment is also available - however it does come at a cost.
The cost of private healthcare insurance varies considerably depending on which insurer you opt for and your medical history. So, if you need health insurance to cover any time spent in Canada, you’ll need to speak to insurers about your position to find out what you should expect to pay for full coverage.
Leisure and activities
In the UK, a cinema ticket costs approximately £10 ($15.51), whereas a similar ticket in Canada is around $14.95 (£9.64). In the UK the average cost of a three-course meal for two in a mid-range restaurant is about £50. A comparable meal in Canada is around $85 (£54.82).
If you’re heading to the local shopping centre searching for a new pair of jeans, you’d be better off doing so in Canada.
In the UK, a pair of jeans from a big name brand will cost you over £60 (approximately $94) - far more than a similar pair sold in Canada, where the price would be approximately $67 (£43).
Consider using Clear Currency when moving to Canada
Have you got a big move planned? Whether you’re weighing up the pros and cons of moving to Canada for work, or you’re simply looking for a new start solo or with your family, we’re here to help ensure the process runs smoothly.
At Clear Currency, we offer transparent and competitive transfer rates. Open an account with us today, and you’ll be able to transfer funds quickly, simply and securely.
Our friendly team is also on hand to provide a personal service to keep you in the loop throughout the process, with no hidden fees or nasty surprises. Get in touch today if you’d like to find out more about how we can help you. You can contact our team via live chat, by phone or email.
*Based on a one-bedroom city centre apartment
All data taken from Numbeo.com unless otherwise stated.
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